My research lies at the intersection of economic inequality and social policy, with a special focus on immigration policy, education, and labor markets. More specifically, I examine disparities in labor market outcomes, educational attainment, and health by race/ethnicity, gender, and immigration status to assess potential policy responses that could help reduce such inequalities and improve the well-being of vulnerable populations. 

In my dissertation, I explore the interrelations between social policy, migration, and economic development through three lines of research. My first research question examines how the changing patterns of international migration between Mexico and the United States impact the Mexican economy and its effects on crime and perceived violence. I then examine the employment barriers that return migrants face when reentering the Mexican labor market and which policy responses might help smoothen their transition into the labor market so that Mexico is able to take advantage of the skills they developed while abroad. Finally, my third research paper analyzes how Mexico's social pension program influences different migration outcomes at the household level, such as the decision to migrate or return to the home country and the need for remittances. I explore these three research questions using a mixed-methods approach, with an emphasis on quantitative methods and causal inference.

Peer-Reviewed Papers

von Hippel, P. T., and Canedo, A.P. (in press). “Is Ability Group Placement Biased? New Data, New Methods, New Answers” American Educational Research Journal 


Canedo, A.P. and Morse, S. September 2019. "An Estimation of the Effect of Women’s Employment on the Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence in Mexico” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 


Canedo, A.P. and Angel, J. August 2019. "Aging and the Hidden Costs of Going Home to Mexico” Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology

Canedo, A.P. March 2019. "Labor Market Discrimination Against Indigenous Peoples in Mexico: A Decomposition Analysis of Wage Differentials” Iberoamericana – Nordic Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies


Canedo, A.P. December 2018. "Analyzing Multidimensional Poverty Estimates in Mexico From an Ethnic Perspective: A Policy Tool for Bridging the Indigenous Gap” Poverty and Public Policy.


 Working Papers


Canedo, A.P. "Do Social Pensions Influence Migration and Return Migration Decisions? Evidence from Mexico’s ‘Adultos Mayores’ Program”


Canedo, A.P. "Return Migration to Mexico, Crime, and Fear of Violence”

Canedo, A.P. "Does Return Migration Impact the Home Labor Market? Evidence from US Immigrants Returning to Mexico”

Canedo, A.P. "The Reintegration of US Immigrants into the Mexican Labor Market: Barriers and Mechanisms for Coping”


Research in Progress

Fabregas, R., Gupta, P. and Canedo, A.P. “Did Cash Transfers Assist Informal Workers During COVID-19 Lockdowns? Evidence from a State-level Program in Mexico”


Canedo, A.P. and von Hippel, P. T. “Bias in Kindergarten Ability Group Placement: Does Parental Lobbying Make It Worse? Do Formal Assessments Make It Better?”


von Hippel, P. T, Canedo, A.P., and Kim, E.Y. “Does Ability Grouping Really Exacerbate Inequality”

Castellanos F. and Canedo, A.P.  "Fear of Deportation and Farm Profitability: Evidence from Secure Communities”


Canedo, A.P. “The Two-Child Ideal Family Size: How Migration to the US Influences Fertility Choices Back Home”

Canedo, A.P. "Returning Home during a Global Crisis: Impacts of Return Migration from Spain on Ecuador's Labor Market”


Policy Articles


Canedo, A.P., Fabregas R. and Morris M. Emergency Cash Transfers During COVID-19: Implementation Lessons for the Global South, Resiliency in the Age of COVID-19. December 8, 2021.

Canedo, A.P. “Discriminación laboral y falta de protección social: la situación de los pueblos indígenas de México”, Fulbright Club de México. December 10, 2018.


Canedo, A.P. Bridging the Indigenous Wage Gap in Mexico", Cornell Public Policy Review. July 19, 2017. 


Canedo, A.P. “Mexico’s Education Reform: What Went Wrong?", Georgetown Public Policy Review. March 10, 2016. 


Canedo, A.P. and Ramírez, J. “Con Prospera, ¿tendrán más oportunidades?"Animal Político.September 24, 2014.